(1778 y., Ciat- 1829 y., Khorasan) Statesman, poet, historian, translator
Muniz was born in the village Ciat, located in 8 km from the town of Khiva, in a family of mirabs. Has got education in one of Khiva madrassa. Mentors Munis were known poets of that time, in particular, Syed Muzaffar Hoxha, who wore a poetic alias Cirami.
In 1800 Muniz was attracted to public service. He was one of the four so-called “Khan’s mirabs”, which was part of the State Council, consisting of 32 high-ranking dignitaries. As a Mirab Muniz performed various duties, including led military unit.
On behalf of Khiva Khan Eltuzar (1804-1806) Shermuhammad Muniz started to write historical essay Firdavs al-Iqbal (“the Garden of prosperity”), devoted to the history of Khorezm since ancient times. Simultaneously worked on the translation of the works Miranda on the General history of Ravzat al-Safa (the “Garden of purity”). Because of the sudden death in 1829 during the epidemic of cholera, Munis were not able to complete the above work, and they were brought to completion by his nephew Mohammadreza Agahi (1809-1874).
Muniz was one of the first poets of the Khiva khanate, constituting the sofa of his poems.
1 . Sofa (Muniz al-Usak the “Friend of lovers”).
2 . Firdavs al-Iqbal (“the Garden of prosperity”). Contains a history of Khorezm and adjacent regions from ancient times to 1825 .
3 . Translation into Uzbek of the first and second volumes of a work of Ravzat al-Safa (the “Garden of purity”) Miranda.
4 . Manual on calligraphy.
Contribution to the world science
Historical essay Munis Firdavs al-Iqbal is a valuable source on the history of Central Asia and several countries of the Middle East.
The original text and the English translation of the works of Muniz Firdavs al-Iqbal published in the prestigious publishing house “Brill” in Holland. In various books and encyclopedias contain articles about Muniz.